Greater Greater Education

DCPS and charters team up to improve Chinese instruction

With help from DC's Office of the State Superintendent of Education, students from 3 DCPS elementary schools are brushing up on their Chinese with help from students at Washington Yu Ying Public Charter School in Ward 5.


Photo by the author.

OSSE awarded the 5-year-old school a $200,000 dissemination grant to share "best practices" in teaching Chinese. At Yu Ying, which my son attends, teachers with native-level proficiency alternate between lessons in English and Chinese. Students from Brent, Thomson, and Eaton elementary schools, which have their own Chinese programs, recently visited Yu Ying to practice the language and learn about Chinese culture.

Studies show that speaking foreign languages is associated with increased intellectual growth, better listening skills, and enhanced mental development. DCPS Chancellor Kaya Henderson has publicly stated that all DCPS elementary schools will have foreign language instruction, though it's unclear when.

Last week, Yu Ying's 4th and 5th grade classes hosted Brent students for a Chinese lunch of chicken, tofu, vegetables, rice, and noodles donated by Tsim Yung, a local restaurant. Most students went back for seconds.


Lunch time at Yu Ying. Photo by the author.

The Brent students came prepared to practice their conversational skills with the Yu Ying students. For example, students discussed which types of food they liked and what they like to do. After lunch, the students retreated to classrooms to color Beijing Opera masks and play Chinese checkers. All of this happened while students spoke Chinese.

Most of the Chinese teachers in DCPS are grew up and learned to teach in China. Education in China and education in the United States are similar in some respects, but are very different in others. Students in China are very different from American students and require different strategies to stay engaged, according to Pearl You, Chinese program coordinator at Yu Ying.


Students at Brent learn about Chinese culture at Yu Ying. Photo by the author.

For example, students in China generally respond to a more direct approach from teachers in the classroom, while students here generally require a more nuanced approach that involves more steps and follow up to ensure compliance.

Back at Brent, staff from Yu Ying observed the teachers in their classrooms and then met to discuss suggestions. Students at all three schools receive 45 minutes of Chinese instruction per week, and Yu Ying gave each school a sub-grant to supplement their own resources.


Yu Ying and Brent students practice their Chinese together. Photo by the author.

Teachers were especially interested in learning more effective ways to teach American students. Yu Ying staff discussed some new behavioral techniques and more effective ways to use visual aids, such as the "word wall," which helps students with vocabulary. Teachers also learned how Yu Ying uses Chinese resources, such as leveled readers and flash cards, to reinforce learning, along with better ways to teach pronunciation.

The biggest challenge, however, is not only connecting with the students but also making Chinese language instruction relevant to their families. Yu Ying staff helped the teachers from DCPS understand how to better engage with American students and effectively communicate with their families.

Through this grant, Yu Ying staff has helped improve the Chinese language instruction for over 1100 DCPS students between the three schools. In an increasingly global world, knowing a second language will help these students stand out.

Jessica Christy has two children learning Chinese at Washington Yu Ying, where she is also the president of the Parent Association. For work, she does industrial hygiene consulting and stays at home with her two-year-old. In her free time (ha!), Jessica enjoys needlepoint and DIY home improvement. All opinions stated here are her own. 

Comments

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Chinese in particular is very difficult to teach as students likely come from different levels and have different end goals in mind. Teaching Chinese for long term fluency and literacy means that even after a few years, even good students have virtually no practical use for the language. On the other hand if immediate immersion, conversation, and reading is desired, they can be taught in a couple years but will hamper learning later. It is a difficult choice for schools to make. Further many students who do not have a language learning disability in English develop one with Chinese. This can provide an outlet though for students who have language disabilities in English, as they sometimes do not have them with Chinese. Dyslexia exists in both languages, but rarely does the same student suffer in both languages.

by Richard on Jun 6, 2013 2:16 pm • linkreport

45 min a week? that seems so little as to be basically worthless.

by sbc on Jun 6, 2013 4:55 pm • linkreport

Do you know who pays the salaries of the Chinese teachers?

China has a program to send its citizens abroad to teach. Many districts welcome this so as to not pay for a teacher.

Just curious.

by mch on Jun 6, 2013 6:20 pm • linkreport

My kids have been in a once a week program for Chinese for 5 years and it has been virtually useless. I personally wish they had concentrated the resources for grades 3-5 and maybe they would have learned more.

by DC Parent on Jun 11, 2013 2:03 pm • linkreport

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